New taxonomy changes!

How many birders often hate the idea of having to erase or edit their field guides due to new names applied to bird species, well, I personally find bird taxonomy fascinating and really enjoy having to study the scientific articles provided by the experts and having to add more notes to my guides, it is just a totally different way to bird!


As it is known to many that the American Ornithologists’ Union has published in its 16th supplement on July 6th, 2016 and it contains a series of taxonomic changes, various of the families, genus, and common English names had been treated, some splits, some merges it means a lot of fun editing the books and trying to understand this fascinating wave of changes!

Here is the link to the official Article and to complement the list the 24th update for CR species list  (Sandoval, L. y C. Sánchez. 2016. Lista de aves de Costa Rica: vigésima cuarta actualización. Unión de Ornitólogos de Costa Rica. San José, Costa Rica.


Based on the article some of the basic/important changes we should be aware to modify (again!) our Costa Rica field guides and lists are:

Cathartidae has been removed form Accipitriformes  and has been elevated to order Cathartiformes with a single family, Cathartidae.

American Vultures, once in Falconiformes, then Accipitriformes now has its own order.

Nyctibiidae and Steatornithidae have been removed from Caprimulgiformes and elevated to order status; Nyctibiiformes, Potoos and Steatornithiformes, oilbird.


Common potoo

*Aramides cajaneus splits in 2: Aramides cajaneus now called Gray-cowled wood-rail, in CR found on both coasts, lowloands, foothills and central valley, except in the North East (a Southern central-America and south America sp). And Aramides albiventris called Russet-naped wood-rail, in CR found in the North East (A Northern Central America sp)

Gray-cowled wood-rail (former gray necked w-r)


*Green violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus) splits in Lesser violet-ear (C. cyanotus) and mexican violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus) from which only Lesser violet-ear occurs in CR.

*Momotus momota splits, and the specie that is found in CR is Momotus lessonii = Lesson’s Motmot, here is a link to the vocalizations from xeno canto to some the other species splitted from Momotus momota:

Momotus Lessonii – Lesson’s motmot

Momotus ceoruliceps – Blue capped motmot

Momotus subrufescens – whooping motmot

Momotus momota – Amazonian motmot

*Dusky Antbird has genus changed from Cercomacra to Cercomacroides, so Cercomacroides tyrannina is the new scientific name.

Some Members of Vireonidae have now new genus (Pachysylvia, from greek Pakhus = thick and Sylvia from Silva, a forest, perhaps in reference the members of this new genus’ preference for thick vegetation/forest?

*Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus, genus changes and specie is slightly modified = Pachysylvia decurtata

*Tawny-crowned greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps genus changes to Tunchiornis ochraceiceps.

*Plain wren – Cantorchilus modestus — Splits in 3: 1-Cantorchilus modestus with a new English name: Cabanis’s wren, in CR found in the NW of the country. 2- Cantorchilus zeledoni named canebrake wren, Endemic, along Caribbean coast from South East Nicaragua to extreme Northwest Panama (western Bocas del Toro) 3- Cantorchilus elutus = Isthmian wren. Found From Quepos south into Panama, Endemic.

*Basileuterus melanotis – Costa Rican warbler. Split from B. tristriatus due to genetics and vocalization differences. Endemic, from Tilaran cordillera to western Panama.


Other changes on this AUK article include new subfamilies for Scolopacidae and also for Thraupidae. Some splits on Oceanodroma spp , Some genus changed on Rallidae such as Porzana flaviventer changing to a new genus Hapalocrex flaviventer (Yellow breasted crake). And some Procellariidae genus changed from Puffinus to Ardena, see AUK article for details, page 551.


Enjoy this type of “birding” it might get you an “armchair tick!”







Birding the south Caribbean; lowland and foothills. Part 1

As is well known, Costa Rica offers not only a great diversity of habitats, each one offering interesting diversity of bird species, many of which are endemic to specific regions, but it also offer easy access to those sites, this making the country attractive to the visitor wishing to see our tropical beauties. The main regions visited by the average birder traveling with an itinerary are the Pacific lowlands, foothills and middle elevation as well as the NW. Caribbean middle elevation and northern foothills, Talamanca and Dota region among others. Nonetheless some of the less-visited sites, perhaps because it is hard to fit them on an itinerary but can offer quality species are the southern pacific and Coto Brus area, as well as the south Caribbean fotthills and lowlands. This time my wife and I, as part of a leisure trip to the south caribbean took the opportunity to quickly check some birding sites and hope to soon go back and bird there seriously as we were impressed with the sites we birded vaguely and were somewhat just focused on some target species.

Hitoy-cerere biological reserve.

The lowlands around Limón city suffered serious deforestation during the agricultural expansion lived in the region between late 1800s to early 1900s mostly for Banana plantations, now considered the main source of work at this province. However the foothills remained somewhat untouched at some parts since the topography did not favor banana plantations; this is the case of Hitoy-Cerere.


Image from Google maps showing the level of deforestation on the lowlands south of Limón.


Another Google image showing topography at Hitoy-Cerere.

I wanted to check this place even though we did not bird it properly as we had little info about directions, where to stay, schedule, facilities etc etc. This is known (along with Selva Bananito lodge) to be one of the best places to find the rare Great Jacamar and many of the south caribbean specialties. Thanks to recent reports generated in eBird (and special thanks to Patrick O’Donnell for providing some handy information!) I thought to check it out as we planned to spend a few days in Puerto Viejo de Talamanca, this thinking it wasn’t that far off the road, but oh gosh I was wrong!

Driving directions: From Puerto Viejo, drive about 25km North towards Penshurt, once at the gas  station bear left and continue on this paved road for about 14km, on your way you will pass the small town of La Guaria/Valle La estrella. Once the pave road ends continue on the gravel road, notice that here where the pave ends you will see the turn to Pandora on the right hand side, crossing the bridge, so continue straight on the main road until you come to a T intersection, here turn left, you might see small signs to the town of Cerere and the Hitoy-cerere reserve, between end of the pavement and that T intersection you will pass a Y junction, then a second Y junction which can confuse you, so just continue until you get to the T intersection that has the signs as suggested. After bearing left continue for about 1km and you will find another T intersection and some railroad crossing (see picture below), turn right, along your way you will find a banana processing plant. After almost 5km you will get to Cerere, at the Y turn left and you will notice how the track gets narrower as you go up the hill, continue for 5 kilometers as the road ends right at the reserve.

the drive along banana plantations

Second T intersection, you would see the railroad crossing the road here, at this point turn right


We spent about 1hr45min from Puerto Viejo, the distance is not that bad but the gravel road is in awful conditions, therefore a 4WD (or at least a high-ground-clearance vehicle) is suggested, specifically a rental car! so you can do it in much shorter period of time. No sales here, so bring all you need. No lodging options so you might be best to stay at Cahuita as it is closer, unless you get camping permissions directly with the Reserve officers. Phone number at the reserve 22065516.

Ranger station


I just so regret I didnt bird this place properly, that because the lack of information or better planning, and the heat/humidity as we got too late to the site can be discouraging, I am so much looking forward to come back, particularly after reading Patrick’s entry on his recent trip there!






Eurasian Collared-dove near Quepos/Manuel Antonio.

Eurasian collared-dove is a common introduced specie to Bahamas and and quickly spreading throughout the USA though FL, as of now, based on eBird maps is pretty much all over NA. This specie was reported on Feb 20th by Jeff Tingle on what is thought to be the first sighting (at least first with photographic proof) on a site called finca 7th, a palm oil plantation quite far to the east of Palmar Sur, this in the south pacific.


Yesterday, Jim Zook was able to photograph an individual near Quepos, on a finca called Roncador, thanks to his report and kind directions we were able to get this dove on the same site, sitting on an electricity post.


Here is the link to the original eBird report, there shows the map to the site.

Eurasian collared-dove

Eurasian collared-dove




Birding Hacienda Baru wildlife reserve.

     Hacienda Baru is located approx 47km south of Quepos/Manuel Antonio, near the beach town of Dominical. This small private reserve and only reserve available nearby to those who are staying at the small beach/surfer heaven of Dominical.

On occasions birders staying in Quepos or Manuel Antonio wonder about birding opportunities at this small reserve. Hacienda Baru is a small reserve with 330 hectares, well maintained trail system extending for about 7km total, all very easy to do and on flat terrain. However, while I am sure the reserve has some great habitats on the northern side of the highway (which I do not know if it is open to the public) those trails available on the main headquarters include secondary forest, pastures, beach vegetation and even teak plantation (the last one being almost useless for bird-watching).


I had been here several times before, but after a couple of years of not visiting I thought to go back and check the site again, it was very hot as it has been lately in our country, it is important to consider we entered at 13:20.  Immediately we climbed up  the bird observation tower and found that a good thing, here we saw some of the species that one is use to see from the ground, it felt so nice to see tropical gnatcatcher, yellow olive flycatcher and others without braking your neck!

Yellow olive flycatcher





























We took the Pizote and Estrangulador trail as both are the most forested trails, basically consisting of small patches of secondary forest with clearings, tall grass and calathea, perfect habitat for wrens which we got black bellied, plain and riverside wrens.

Male black hooded antshrike, a common local endemic

Juvenile male blue crowned manakin


Walk board

at the end of the board walk, this place look great for hawk watching, I am positive king vulture must show up here!


Whimbrel at the beach.



the road back form the beach to the headquarters


In short words: Birding at Baru is ok, but I think the quality of species can be just the same if you bird your hotel grounds if trails are available, come here for the common woodcreepers, common antbirds and wrens, we saw so many gray headed tanagers here at many parts of the trails! expect toucans, common black-hawk, motmots, woodpeckers but that is about it.


The place has a small restaurant with very reasonable prices so you can have lunch after your trip. The fee is$4 per person. Open from 7:00am to 5:50pm

Baru Check list.

Today’s seen list.

Hacienda Baru contact.


Birding Wilson’s Botanical Garden/Las cruses biological station.

Wilsons Botanical Garden is located 300km southeast of the capital of San Jose, in the county of Coto Brus, at an approximate elevation of 1200 meters above sea level. Run by the Organization for tropical studies OTS.

Approximately more than 1000 genera and more than 200 families form part of the unique collection that are part of the Las Cruces Biological Station/Wilson’s botanical garden as well as 400 + bird species,  this is well known as one of the best places to find Ruddy foliage-gleaner, a species that has a very limited range in the southeast corner of Costa Rica.

Great for hummingbirds as they keep a lot of stachytarpheta. Male Garden emerald.


Striped-throated hermit

Some days ago my wife and I went to bird the forest at Las Cruces and stayed at the OTS rooms which were very nice, with the benefit of being able to bird the reserve as early as possibly, otherwise those staying else where are limited to The normal operation hours; 7:00am to 5:00pm. Rates: US$65 per person, 3 meals included. Otherwise if visiting for the day an admission fee will be charged at the front desk.


We took the Rio Java trail as it is said were ruddy foliage gleaner has been seen more often, and we got lucky! we walked to the first bridge, approx 200 meters from where you enter the forest and soon got a nice mixed flock, plain antvireo, slaty antwren, brown billed scythebill were highlights, this joined by collared trogon, buff thorated foliage-gleaner, and many others, but just when we thought we had seen them all a ruddy foliage-gleaner  called from the undergrowth, and oh boy it knows how to hide! after trying him for a while we got descent looks.

Orange billed nightingale-thrush Catharus aurantiirostris russatus, one of the 14 sub species known, 2 for CR.

Below a recording I got of it:


Female Plain antvireo.


Scale crested pygmy-tyrant

The trail is really nice, as it is typical of this type of forest, most comes in mixed flocks lead by tawny-crowned greenlet, red-crowned ant-tanager and buff-throated foliage gleaner, due to the habitat the amount of birds seen might be small if compared to the gardens which can produce much bigger lists than the forest trails, this is great for tanagers, hummers, orioles, flycatchers and parrots, be in the look out for crested oropendola as it is said to visit the palms in the afternoon.

Contact information:




Birding Rainmaker park. Quepos – Manuel Antonio.

   If you are birding at Manuel Antonio National Park and have already visited the park itself, El Rey, and Esquipulas but still you would like to birds other surrounding areas you might find a visit to Rainmaker park convenient!
   Rainmaker is in nature park with a well-maintained trail system including little more than a dozen hanging bridges on the canopy of the primary rain-forest, which in my opinion can yield some good looks to species such as trogons, bright-rumped Attila, and others which otherwise you would see their under parts from the forest floor. However, this site will not produce big lists, I will rather think of it as a place for the birder visiting with family or non-birding friends so you can feed two birds with the same seed! I.E enjoy the trails and waterfalls and also get 2 or 3 birds to your list.
The road to Rainmaker, the gravel road is usually in good condition, a sedan-type-vehicle should be able to get you there no problem.
   The trails are relatively steep but all with some nice steps and side railing, thus making it easier, I  don’t suggest to bring telescopes or even a tripod for your camera, not a good idea (yes today I carried mine) when you are in this kind of trails, binoculars are the key here.
   Also, I would invest more time at the hanging bridges trails rather than those near the streams and waterfalls, it is a bit noisy and the water sound wont let you hear the birds, however do look for buff-rumped warbler and fasciated tiger-heron at the river. On the smaller creeks look out for sulphur-rumped flycatcher and riverside wren. And hey! good luck (REAL good luck!) with the pair of crested-owls who typically roost before the first hanging bridges!

Fasciated tiger-heron, unlike the common bare throated T.H. this one favors fast running creeks or rivers instead of canals and lagoons. (  Picture for illustration)


Today we got a nice wood thrush, Sitting quietly in the dark understory of the forest.

 Target species:
Great and little tinamous, Fasciated tiger-heron, King vulture, Gray headed kite, white-crested coquette (at the gardens) trogons, bright rumped attila, red-capped and blue-crowned manakins, yellow-bellied tyrannulet, sulphur rumped flycatcher,tawny-crowned greenlet, buff-rumped warbler, blue-black grosbeak. Scaled antpitta has been seen here in the past!
Suggestions: Park fee is about $20 per person. The administration of this park quite is interesting, while the trails are nicely kept all the time, its hard to speak of operating hours, normally you will see staff at the entrances after 7:30am and will leave about 1:30pm, but the gate does not close so you can leave after that. If you enter and do not see personnel at the trail entrance, you can pay the fee at the house located right next to the gate. You need to sign a waiver.
oh! why it’s called Rainmaker? let this picture taken today Jan 30th explain, this is CR’s summer months!

Birding Manuel Antonio; Esquipulas.

Several times before I had stated that Esquipulas is the best spot for bird-watching in Manuel Antonio. Although the park itself has however some good birds if birded early in the morning, taking the right trails can yield some quality birds. Currently a perch of black and white owls on the waterfall trail, some perches for lesser nighthawks and the current best; common potoo! nesting on the sloth trail! may make your visit to this park enjoyable!

Common potoo, courtesy of Manuel Cabalceta. Manuel Antonio birds

Common potoo, courtesy of Manuel Cabalceta.

Black and white owl, by Michael Araya

On the other hand other good birds easily seen here at MA NP are black bellied wren, riverside wren, long billed gnatwren, fiery billed aracary. Currently slaty-tailed trogon and black-throated trogon had been actively calling from the waterfall trail  and many others.

Long billed gnatwren. Foto taken in Puriscal, for illustration purposes.

   The elevated boardwalk on the sloth trail is quite good for black bellied wren, also for long billed gnatwren and blue crowned manakin.


But, I am not going to lie at you! the park itself is busy and could produce a small list if compared with other great parks such as Carara, great for general wildlife though, such as sloths, monkeys, frogs, snakes etc, a great option for the birder visiting this area with family or non-birding friends, if that is your case then Esquipulas is the place to go for birds, away from the crowds!

Thanks to it’s location on the foothills of the mountains near Manuel Antonio/Quepos region, this is the best site for birding, often including species not expected for the locality such as rufous-breasted wren, montezuma and chestnut headed oropendolas. A good morning here should produce any where between 60 species to 100 species, depending on the weather conditions as well as fruiting/flowering trees and of course! how good your eyes are to spot and ID those tropical beauties!

The road at Esquipulas

Chestnut headed oropendola



the very common roadside hawk.

Esquipulas is home to common species and various endemics but also to some highlights for many visiting Costa Rica such as white crested-coquette, turquoise cotinga, and great for raptors such as king vulture, white hawks, barred hawk and others.

This beautiful male turquoise cotinga was seen on my last birding tour to Esquipulas with Jennifer Timmer, not 1 but a pair!

This beautiful male turquoise cotinga was seen on my last birding tour to Esquipulas with Jennifer Timmer, not 1 but a pair!


Follow this link to eBird for the list of the birds reported for Esquipulas or contact me for a checklist I have made which contains all the sightings reported here since the last 9 years

I hope to post about other small spots where you can get some good birds if you are bird-watching in Quepos, stay tuned!


Birding La Fortuna & Medio Queso/Los Chiles: Part 3 of 3, Medio Queso

Part 1 here.

Part 2 here.

On December 7th we visited Medio Queso, this is located at Los Chiles near the Nicaraguan boarder, northern zone of CR. This site in the last few years has proved to be quite good for some species that most people go to Caño Negro for, avoiding you the the bad gravel road that leads to Caño Negro. Jabiru is seen here regularly, as well as some quality bird such as pinnated bittern, spotted rail, yellow breasted crake, yellow headed vulture and other regional specialties. Unlike Caño Negro, there is only one boating option, MR Rafa, who owns a very comfortable boat and knows the local birds very well. The fee is approximately ¢5000 which is about $10 per person per hour. I suggest to reserve in advance, as of what I understand mr Rafa does not speaks fluent english but knows the birds by english name! His cellphone is 8879-3929 as is best to call and arrange with at least a day in advance.

The night before we stayed at Los Chiles, we used the Wilson’s Hotel Tulipan, which in my opinion is the best option for hotels (from the roughly 4 or 5 there are here! Rate was ¢26000 / $52 per couple/per room including breakfast, so cheap!, rooms were extremely clean, good A/C, hot water (like if you need hot water at Los Chiles!)

The canals, rainy season has almost ended, but in March when the water level get lower is when Medio Queso is at its best, as most of those incredibly hidden birds such as spotted rail leaves concealment to forage near the edge of the canal. The canals, rainy season has almost ended, but in March when the water level get lower is when Medio Queso is at its best, as most of those incredibly hidden birds such as yellow breasted crake or spotted rail leave concealment to forage near the edge of the canal.

As it shows, the boat is spacious and comfortable, BUT, there is no roof, therefore come prepared to be on the sun for some hours.

Spoonbills, always common but still pretty.

On the trip we got basically all the common herons/egrets,  and we basically were focused on those local specialties for either our annual list or life list, we got Nicaraguan seed-finch right away, as well as olive-crown yellowthroat, and after some intense search 2 pinnated bitterns! all for the annual list, then we got good looks at Nicaraguan grackles, funny that one gets excited about grackles! but hey! this an endemic specie found in Nicaragua and northern Costa Rica, and above all it was a lifer!

Nicaraguan seed-finch, formerly known as Pink billed seed-finch. An endemic from Nicaragua to Panama.


Lesser yellow headed vulture, common here, we must had seen 8 to 10 here.


Pinnated bittern flying away after giving us nice views.


Nicaraguan grackle

Male Nicaraguan grackle. It is very noticeable that its tail is much shorter than the abundant great tailed grackle, also less iridescence and of course size make it easy to recognize.

Females are noticeable different to great tailed grackles, much lighter underparts

Here a recording I was able to get, hosted on xeno-canto:


Directions: Notice that there is a small village called Medio Queso, this has no relation to the wetlands, it happened to us some years ago using a GPS and it sent us to the wrong site, to get to the wetlands drive towards Los Chiles airport, once you have the airport on your right as you drive to Los Chiles take the right entrance just at the corner of the airport and follow this gravel road for approx 1.5 mile, it ends right at place you take the boat. A note to Costa Ricans, this is the famous trocha fronteriza, a work of art made by our former president Laura Ch. (sarcasm).




Birding La Fortuna & Medio Queso/Los Chiles: Part 2 of 3, Arenal observatory lodge.

PART 1 Here

After breakfast, on December 6th 2015. we went to the Sendero Bogarin, this site is well known as perhaps the best site in the entire country for uniform crake and in my opinion one of the best to see the elusive white throated crakes, which leave concealment under the feeder platforms, anyone who knows this bird knows what I am talking about!

Unfortunately, the weather was even worse than yesterday’s with intermittent showers that did not make birding under an umbrella any easy at all, however we did walk the trail in search of the yellow-breasted chat that had been reported here several times, unfortunately we failed getting that bird but, we had our hope on the cape may warbler reported since the 20th of November at The Arenal Observatory lodge by Juan Diego Vargas, so we moved on after some feeder watch at Bogarin’s.


Collared Aracary

Tropical mockingbird

Red legged honeycreeper, always beautiful!

Sendero Bogarin is located at La Fortuna, just after the town if driving from downtown to The volcano/Observatory area. On the right hand side, look for this side on the side of the road.

As I understand there is no official fee here, but they do expect that you give them a tip to help pay for the maintenance of the trail as well as to buy fruit for the birds etc. Usually there is a gentleman there to collect that, if you plan to visit before 6am you can pay/tip in the way back, if no one is there I suggest to leave the money under the door at the shelter.



After a while then we went to the Arenal Observatory lodge, as mentioned, at least 2 individuals had been seen here, this is a rare species as it casually winters south of Yucatan, usual winter range is the West Indies.  Well, having this rarity near by we were not the only ones after it, after a while of looking for it, friends Diego Quesada, Mr Roy May, Ariel Fonseca and others joined the mission.

the long wait…

Black throated green warbler.

Emerald tanager


Male great curassow confused of our hand clapping in celebration to a well awaited lifer!

Hummingbirds, oropendolas, bananaquits, Tennessee warblers,  tanagers even a male great curassow came to check us out! but no cape May, we needed the others to leave for it to come back, and no kidding! after 5 minutes Diego and friends left and the rain got worse the warbler attended to the feeder! amazing! I immediately called Diego and their return to the site was like taken out of The Big year movie! seeing them running on wet floor and seen their face amazement face was memorial, a  one of the very enjoyable parts of twitching! cheers for a rare lifer!

From Left to right: Jimena Orozco, Magaly Mendez, Roy Orozco, Ariel Fonseca, Diego Quesada, ??,( I am sorry I miss the name) Roy May, Karina Segura, Tomohide Cho, Johan Chaves

From Left to right: Jimena Orozco, Magaly Mendez, Roy Orozco, Ariel Fonseca, Diego Quesada, ??( I am sorry I miss the name) Roy May, Karina Segura, Tomohide Cho, Johan Chaves


Cape May warbler

The Cape May warbler! it loves watermelon!

Right on! good time to get our last wanted bird of the area; Lanceolated monklet, this seldom times reported rarity is found in the caribbean middle elevation and foothills. In the past this bird has been reported in Lands in love if I am not wrong by Patrick O’Donnell  who writes a great blog with loads of information about birding matters in CR; also who happens to be one of the best birders of CR.


Now La Fortuna happens to have perhaps what is the best (and maybe only known reliable?) perch currently. We went to the site and after a few minutes of searching the site based on Diego’s directions we got the bird, not far from us, sitting so quietly after a short sally to catch an insect, otherwise we would had missed it! it just sat for a good time, just checking around, but totally silent, after some minutes it just left. What a way to end the day!


Lanceolated monklet


Birding La Fortuna/Arenal and Medio Queso/Los Chiles: Part 1 of 3, Arenal 3rd Bird-count

On December 5th I participated on the 3rd bird count of Arenal National park organized by friends Diego Quesada and Juan Diego Vargas from La Fortuna. I am going to start off by saying I am so glad we went as it yielded some quality lifers and some new additions for my CR list as well, part of the plan was to get the cape May warbler reported a few days ago by Juan Diego Vargas at The Arenal observatory lodge, the famous lanceolated monklet, a rare specie that is seldom times reported, and since we were un that far we planned to bird Medio Queso for some species for our annual list but specifically for Nicaraguan grackle, an endemic grackle found in Nicaragua and CR.

Arenal birdcount:












Diego Quesada, welcoming the participants.













Juan Diego Vargas. One of the organizers and park ranger at Arenal National park.


I was part of the team sent to Mundo Aventura among with my wife Karina, my friend Roy Orozco and other new friends Jason Torres, Harold Blanco and Sibiany Nuñez.  Well, as it is typical of Arenal area it was a very rainy morning, therefore we took shelter at 5:15am and waited for the rain to slow down a bit, aftern a slight change on the weather we started our day. After some of the common garden birds were seen we all got amazed by seing a royal tern! Yes! A royal tern a bit lost! Its funny because despite all we saw on the count I still consider that the best bird of our route! I guess you don’t appreciate a bird as common as royal terns until you see them out of place.

After the rain completely stopped the rest of the day was quite cloudy and foggy at some points, which I guess all the teams had to deal with the same conditions, however despite that it permitted for descent birding, times under a tree, others under an umbrella but we made it!

A beautiful White hawk posed for us for a while while we were on an observation tower seeking for raptors, this is when you regret leaving the real camera in the car due to the bad weather!

A beautiful White hawk posed for us for a while while we were on an observation tower seeking for raptors.

Our day yielded approx 114 spp and I was able to add a new addition to my CR list; white flanked antwren which I had seen in Panama in previous trips, and some birds for our annual list, including black crested coquette, green thorntail, black headed tody-flycatcher and more.

Cheers to the organizers for an splendid job they did working on such great activity, nice routes, raffles, optical equipment exhibition by Alexander Villegas, Swarovski optik dealer for CR and the best! a nice exposition on the new discoveries on the nesting behaviors of thicket antpitta, unknown until now, by Juan Diego Vargas.


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